Gingivitis affects the gums. It causes inflammation and leads to redness, swelling and pain on the gums. The teeth are however much less affected and toothache is hardly present in this condition. Gingivitis can be prevented through good oral hygiene. However, once it occurs, it can be relieved using home remedies.
Gingivitis is broadly of two types – plaque and non-plaque. The first one is caused by a bacterial infection and food residue combining to form plaque. Non plaque ones can occur even when the teeth have no plaque.
Gingivitis can be clearly seen as inflammation of the gums. 
- Swollen gums- There may be slight swelling in some part or along the complete length of gums.
- Signs of inflammation on the gums, like reddish gums.
- Pain – there is pain in the gums when one touches them or the tongue reaches close to them.
- Bleeding – gums may shed blood upon brushing.
- Foul odor in breath caused by infection and plaque.
Other symptoms are mouth sores and even toothache.
Gingivitis can be relieved at home to a great extent using powerful anti-inflammatory natural remedies.
Home remedies for gingivitis. These remedies are aimed at reducing the inflammation, pain and tenderness in the gums.
1. Tea Bags
Prepare tea using black tea bags. After making the tea, get the tea bags. Put them in the refrigerator so that they are cool enough. Then place them over the gums where they are inflamed. Keep it for about 20 minutes. This reduces inflammation and swelling. The gums would appear less shiny. Tea contains tannins. These nutrients have the ability to lower swelling, which makes these tea bags applicable for a number of conditions as a home remedy. Do this treatment 3 times a day for great relief from swollen gums.
2. Baking Soda Toothpaste
Instead of your regular toothpaste, use baking soda for a few days. It is a gentle scrub which cleans the teeth off plaque. Baking soda also gets rid of acidic residue in the mouth because it is basic in nature.
- Directions / How to use
Take about 1 tablespoon of baking soda and add ample water to make a thick paste. Pick it up on a toothbrush and very gently massage over the teeth. After brushing the teeth, take out the toothbrush. Now, massage the baking soda over the gums using your fingers. Gargle it out with warm water.
- Why it works ?
Baking soda is a quick and effective remedy for plaque. When the plaque is eliminated, there is very little for the infection causing pathogens to feed on.
3. Salt Water Gargle
Prepare a strong gargle using 2 tablespoon salt in 1 glass warm water. Rinse your mouth with this solution. Salt may feel a little too drying, but this is good. Salt helps to cleanse off dirt, plaque and drive out bacteria through osmosis. Do this gargle every 2 – 3 hours. It keeps the mouth free from bacteria and aids the body in lowering the infection.
4. Honey ( for bleeding gums )
If the gums have started bleeding from a mouth sore, or just after brushing then use honey. It is a wonderful wound healer . Apply a thin paste of honey over the gums. This helps the body in stopping the bleeding and healing the sore. It also feels quite soothing to the burning sensation caused by inflamed gums.
5. Oil Pulling with Coconut Oil
Oil pulling is a practice which is believed to improve dental health. Well, it can help one get over gingivitis if the pulling is done with coconut oil. That is because coconut oil has powerful antimicrobial properties. Its nutrients enter into the gum tissue and start acting against the pathogens. Do oil pulling with coconut oil 2 times a day.
6. Aloe Vera Gel
Cut a leaf of Aloe Vera from your garden and take out some of the sap. Apply it directly onto the gums. This gel is cooling ( so it counters the burning sensation) and anti-inflammatory . It aids the body in quickly healing the gums. It also forms a protective covering over torn gums.
7. Calendula Tea
A herbal tea made from calendula flowers is strongly anti-inflammatory. One can apply this tea on the gums using cotton balls. It helps to reduce the inflammation and bring the gums back to normal color and size.
Myrrh is an oleoresin, a kind of gum like substance exuded from a thorny tree. Mix about 1 teaspoon of this gum in a base, like beeswax. Apply this on the gums. Myrrh and its essential oil have been used since ancient times to heal gum diseases.
9. Get more Vitamin C
This vitamin is strongly associated with the health of our gums. Eating foods rich in Vitamin C can help the gums to heal much faster. So, one should eat foods like lemons, limes, oranges, grapefruits, mangoes, pineapples, guavas and berries. Some foods that are excellent in Vitamin C are Indian gooseberry (Amla), Camu Camu, Acerola and Rose hips. Vitamin C quickly prevents the further deterioration of gum disease. 
10. Tart Cranberry Juice
Drink unsweetened juice of cranberries. This juice has been identified to prevent the adherence of certain bacteria to the gums. As a result, it can prevent further growth of bacteria in the gums and aid the body in recovering faster from the gum infection. Drink about 1 glass of this juice each day, that is about 250 – 300 ml. It is also great for overall health as it contains Vitamin C and many other nutrients. Vitamin C is a powerful immune booster, so the body attacks the infection with more potency.
11. Tea Tree Oil
Add 2 – 3 drops of tea tree essential oil to about 1 tablespoon of beeswax. Use this as a cream to massage the gums. If beeswax feels too thick, one can go with coconut oil. Tea tree oil has been found to be effective in dealing with gingival inflammation.
12. Other Remedies
- Clove or clove oil for toothache : Take a clove and keep it into the mouth for some time. Circulate it around the gums and then spit it out. Cloves are very good for dental hygiene. They numb the mouth, teeth and gums slightly to prevent the sensation of pain. Clove essential oil is more powerful at relieving toothache.
- Taking sun : Sit in the sunlight. This boosts the production of Vitamin D in the body which is helpful in the case of teeth or gum disease.
- Eat cruciferous foods that naturally help in cleaning plaque from the teeth. These foods are vegetables like cauliflower, cabbage, spinach, kale, broccoli and fruits like mango, guava, strawberries.They keep the teeth very clean and as plaque concentration reduces, gingivitis also relieves.
- Neem twig : Brushing with a soft green neem twig is very helpful in gingivitis. Neem tree has very powerful anti-bacterial properties. Neem twig toothbrush can control plaque sitting on the teeth and make teeth healthier.
- Chamomile tea : The herb German chamomile is well known for its calming effects on the mind. It can also be used for gingivitis. Just make a tea of chamomile and drink it very slowly, circulating it in the mind.
- Cumin seeds : Take some cumin seeds and chew in the mouth. This works in reducing the bleeding from the gums and in preventing any weakness due to slow bleeding. Cumin seeds have good iron content which helps the body recover quickly.
- Sunflower seed oil can be applied to the gums for getting relief from gingivitis pain.
- Sage tea : This is a herbal remedy for gingivitis. Make an infusion of sage in a large vessel so that it has enough water for gargling throughout the day. Take enough sage leaves and put it into 2 liters of water. Boil this mixture repeatedly to make a strong infusion of sage in water. Then use this as mouthwash several times a day. This should provide relief in gingivitis.
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